Organic farming is a farming method that cultivates plants in natural ways. With no genetically modified organisms involved, this farming practice does not use chemical fertilizers. Instead, it uses biological materials that are safe for the environment. Also, the farming relies on ecologically balanced agricultural principles of biological pest control, crop rotation, organic waste, mineral and rock additives, etc. Well, the whole idea of this farming is executed in such a way that it does the least harm to the environment.
If you want to discover the environmental benefits of this type of farming, keep reading:
1. Organic Farming Reduce Pollution
Organic agriculture is highly encouraged in countries where water pollution is a major problem. Reason – better nutrient cycling options and managed systems used in this practice lessen the risk of water pollution. Conventional agriculture, on the other hand, makes excessive use of chemical fertilizers. These fertilizers get into the water sources and pollute them.
2. Organic Agriculture Tackles Climate Change
Organic agriculture allows the ecological system to adjust to the effects of climatic change. It has fewer agrochemical needs. This, in turn, reduces agricultural greenhouse gas emissions. Management practices used in this farming such as minimum tillage, crop rotation, etc. increase the return of carbon to the soil. This combats global warming as well as the greenhouse effect.
3. Organic Farming – A Great Promoter Of Biodiversity
Modern agriculture with its large use of herbicides and pesticides poses a great threat to endangered species. Organic farms, on the other hand, use organic matter instead of synthesized fertilizers. Therefore, they act as a haven for these species. Thus, the practices used in the latter reduce erosion of agro-biodiversity.
4. Organic Agriculture Is More Affordable
Organic agriculture uses organic matter that is not at all costly. Conventional farming, on the other hand, uses expensive fertilizers, weeds, manure, etc. Furthermore, the former uses ecological services like soil conditioning, waste recycling, etc. These processes, in turn, make the whole farming practice affordable. Also, organic farming lessens the hidden costs in terms of natural resource degradation.
5. No GMOs Involved In Organic Farming
Modern farming use genetically modified organisms (GMOs) that have a negative impact on the environment. It also affects human health. The use of GMOs within organic systems is not allowed at any stage. This makes these systems far more sound practice in terms of environmental and food safety.
6. Use of Less Energy In Organic Agriculture
Commercial fertilizers used in modern farming use a lot of energy for their production. According to studies conducted all over the world, organic farmers need just 30-50% of the energy used by modern farmers. Thus, we can say that organic farming is energy-efficient.
7. Organic Farming Maintains Soil Quality
This farming uses oil building practices like inter-cropping, crop rotations, minimum tillage, and organic fertilizers. These practices maintain the quality of soil as well as increase its fertility. Soil filled with organic matter also requires less irrigation as it can hold moisture better. The farming techniques used here also play a vital role in controlling soil erosion.