Common Garden Compounds Used In Organic Farming

chemicals used in organic farming

However, this type of farming has become more popular over the last five years as consumers have become more concerned about what is placed into their food. The typical farm does not use such high levels of chemicals that would normally be found in conventional farming. The problem lies in the application of the correct balance of fertilizers and other substances that are specific for each type of crop.

One of the main substances used in organic farming is boric acid, which is a common disinfectant. Other substances used are copper and zinc. Copper and zinc have been known to create toxic metal ions when they react with water, so the application of these metals is limited to those circumstances where absolutely no contact with water is likely.

Boric Acid

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Boric acid is a general structure element. The best way to obtain it is through the breakdown of ammonia, which is commonly used as a fertilizer. Ammonia can also be obtained from petroleum byproduct and is commonly known as crude oil. Another way to get copper sulfate is through organic farming where the plants feed on algae. Copper sulfate can then be separated out as the finished product.

One of the most common disinfectants used in organic farming is a general structure chlorine bleach, also known as THMs or trihalomethanes. This chemical compound has been classified as a probable carcinogen by the Environmental Protection Agency. Exposure to even small amounts of the compound over a long period of time can cause severe health problems including cancer. The compounds that make up the formula in question are extremely flammable, and exposure to the compound can result in a very dangerous explosion if it comes into contact with an open flame.


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Chlorination is a process used to kill bacteria. Commonly used chemicals used for this purpose are sodium hypochlorite and calcium hypochlorite. Sodium hypochlorite is the cheaper option of the two and is less hazardous when used properly. It is composed of three separate chemicals: sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, and carbons. These chemicals work together to form a compound that causes damage to biological membranes in a microorganism’s body. Exposure to this compound over a long period of time can result in severe health problems including infections, organ failure, and cancer.

A similar chemical compound, a pH stabilizer, is included in the organic farming formulations. This compound is called “corrective lessening,” and serves to neutralize and regulate the growth of beneficial microorganisms such as nitrogen-fixing bacteria. The bacteria are then kept in check so that the nutrients in the soil can be distributed effectively. The use of these chemicals is necessary for “natural farming,” which does not involve the application of synthetic fertilizers or pesticides.

Calendula Fertilizer

Another common chemical compound found in organic farming formulations is hydrogen peroxide, which serves both to increase the soil fertility and to neutralize harmful bacteria. The commonly used formula for increasing the fertility of the soil, known as “calendula fertilizer,” consists mainly of hydrogen peroxide.

Other formulas, which are more effective and produce higher crop yields, include alfalfa powder and bentonite clay. The most widely-used formula for controlling harmful bacteria in the soil is a combination of Bentonite Clay and Liquid Alkalinity.

Final Words

A third common compound used in organic farming is copper sulfate. This chemical compound acts as an antifungal, and its application depends on the type of crop being grown, its mature size, and the amount of time the crop has before being harvested. A number of organic farming formulations contain copper sulfate. However, the amounts of these chemicals typically range from two to six percent, with commercial manufacturers using a concentration of ten percent.

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