Sustainable agriculture is an agriculture practice that aims at producing long-term crops and livestock while preserving the environment. Along with the production of food and maintaining the ecological balance, there are several other goals associated with this agriculture. It includes reducing the use of pesticides, water conservation, and conserving biodiversity, to name a few. Well, it goes without saying that sustainable agriculture is the need of the hour. From challenges in energy demand to adverse climate changes, there are many reasons to opt for this practice. To deeply understand why sustainable agriculture is important, keep reading:
1. To Make Better Use Of Land
Modern farming utilizes a lot of land for a single crop production which makes it difficult to use the whole mixed field. This wastage of space causes farmers to spend unnecessary money acquiring more lands. Sustainable farming involves the culture of several crops on a single piece of land. This, in turn, produces more food while conserving space.
2. Sustainable Agriculture Is Needed To Save Energy
The sustainable agricultural practice aims to conserve energy. It utilizes less energy as compared to conventional farming. The latter also relies on fossil fuels for various processes, from production to transportation. The reduction in energy used in sustainable agriculture eventually decreases the amount of greenhouse gas emissions.
3. Sustainable Agriculture Is Required To Reduce Pollution
With its extensive use of fertilizers, modern farms contribute to water pollution. Industrial animal farming is also responsible for causing methane pollution. On the other hand, sustainable farming plays an important role in reducing pollution. It uses natural fertilizers, crop rotation, recycling, and other efficient processes to prevent environment pollution.
4. To Conserve Biodiversity
Most sustainable farms make use of organic farming practices. They also incorporate plant and animal production together. This eventually creates a healthy place for all living organisms thus leading to conservation of biodiversity.
5. Sustainable Agriculture Benefits Individuals
Sustainably grown food is generally certified ‘organic’. This organic food offers a lot of health benefits to consumers. It is grown without the use of harmful fertilizers and pesticides and hence, it has better quality. Organic food is also more nutritious and tastes better than food grown with the help of pesticides.
6. To Support Economy
Industrial farming allows farms to collaborate with large companies. No doubt it can save money for individual farmers, but it can also impact them if the companies fail to survive. Talking about sustainable farming, it is easily decentralized and has a limited financial impact on the farmers. Furthermore, sustainable agricultural practice if widely distributed can create more job opportunities for farmers.
7. Sustainable Agriculture Is Necessary To Conserve Water
Sustainable farming systems use several methods that help to conserve water. This includes drip irrigation, use of mulching, drip irrigation, hugelkultur garden beds, and more. Some methods like contour farming also protect water sources from pollution.
8. To Offer Resilience In A World Of Weather Change
The ability of sustainable farms to reduce energy use, lessen greenhouse gas emissions and conserve water decreases vulnerability to adverse climate changes. Thus, we can say that sustainable systems offer greater resilience to the impact of climate change.